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Volcanoes National Park Gorilla Heritage Area
Volcanoes National Park

Volcanoes National Park Gorilla Heritage Area

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Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda is a Wildlife Heritage Area of global significance. It is renowned for its diverse and endangered wildlife, particularly the mountain gorillas and for its contributions to conservation.

Species or habitat details

The mountain gorilla (Gorilla beringei beringei) population is considered stable or slightly increasing. Conservation efforts and measures, including anti-poaching activities, habitat protection, and responsible tourism, have contributed to the stabilization and growth of the mountain gorilla population in recent years. These efforts have been driven by organizations such as the Dian Fossey Gorilla Fund, the International Gorilla Conservation Programme, government agencies, and local communities, among others. Efforts to habituate gorilla groups for tourism purposes have also played a role in raising awareness and generating funding for gorilla conservation.

Apart from mountain gorillas, the park also shelters various other wildlife species, including golden monkeys, buffalo, forest elephants, and a wide array of bird species. The diversity of the ecosystem provides a rich experience for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers.


Some of the primary threats faced by Volcanoes National Park include:

Habitat Loss and Degradation, Poaching, Human-Wildlife Conflict, Disease Outbreaks, Tourism Pressure, Climate Change, and Lack of Funding and Resources.

Efforts are being made by the Rwandan government, conservation organizations, and international partners to address these threats and ensure the long-term survival of the park's unique wildlife and ecosystems. These efforts involve a combination of law enforcement, community engagement, sustainable tourism practices, habitat restoration, and research to mitigate the challenges facing Volcanoes National Park.

Did you know?

Mountain gorillas are a critically endangered subspecies of gorilla. They are one of the rarest great ape species in the world. It is estimated that there are just over 1,000 mountain gorillas left in the wild.

Mountain gorillas live in close-knit family groups led by a dominant silverback, which is typically the largest and oldest male. These family groups often consist of females, juveniles, and infants. 

Unlike their lowland gorilla cousins, mountain gorillas are adapted to life at high altitudes. They inhabit the montane and bamboo forests of the Virunga Mountains, where they endure cooler temperatures and sometimes challenging terrain.

Volcanoes National Park is one of the prime destinations for gorilla trekking, where tourists can visit habituated gorilla groups. This provides a unique opportunity for people to witness these remarkable animals in their natural habitat.

The population of mountain gorillas has seen a remarkable recovery in recent years, thanks to conservation efforts. The dedication of park authorities, researchers, and international organizations has led to their population growth

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Why visit a Wildlife Heritage Area?


Visitors to Wildlife Heritage Areas can take part in outstanding wildlife watching experiences that put wildlife first. Staying in a Wildlife Heritage Area helps local communities invest in animal welfare and wildlife conservation, benefitting community well-being and driving forward sustainable practices.

Designated for excellence

Communities achieve Wildlife Heritage Area designation by playing a central role in protecting wild animals and their habitats. With support from responsible travel organisations and wildlife experts, these communities are committed to help turn the tide on biodiversity loss and the climate crisis, adopt a zero tolerance for wildlife suffering in tourism, and advocate for positive change through a willingness to collaborate.


Volcanoes National Park , home to the Iconic Mountain Gorillas

Volcanoes National Park , home to the Iconic Mountain Gorillas

In the heart of Africa, a place of incredible natural beauty and astonishing biodiversity. This place is Volcanoes National Park in Rwanda, nestled in the mighty Virunga Mountains. The park's story was one of conservation, hope, and the remarkable journey of a species on the brink of extinction.

In this breath-taking landscape, the mountain gorillas reigned supreme. These...

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